A range of research is available in this section and is listed by the organisation. Click on the organisation’s name below to see a summary of the research available including links to the original material, both locally and internationally or see below for a short summary of each:
Summary of research/organisations available in this section (click on name to go directly the organisation’s page).
BER initiated its HIV/AIDS research in 1999 with a study of the macro-economic impact of the epidemic on the SA economy. The results of this study were released during 2000/1. This research was subsequently complemented with sectoral and other dedicated privately commissioned studies.
The latest development regarding the BER’s HIV/AIDS research, is a longitudinal study – commenced in July 2004 – of the epidemic’s impact on business in SA on the basis of an annual survey commissioned and financed by the South African Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS (SABCOHA). The BER intends to expand its research on the business impact of the epidemic in years to come and the SABCOHA survey will go a long way in achieving this.
CADRE is a South African non-profit organisation working in the area of HIV/AIDS research, programme development and communication. It is committed to fast-tracking appropriate and effective responses to HIV/AIDS through informing policy and developing coherent strategic models for interventions. CADRE works in sub-Saharan Africa with a primary focus on southern Africa.
Research at the MRC is organised in national collaborative research programmes, collaborative research groups, research units and research projects. The South African AIDS Vaccine Initiative (SAAVI) was formed in 1999 as a lead programme of the MRC; it was established to co-ordinate the research, development and testing of AIDS vaccines in South Africa. SAAVI is based at the MRC and is working with key national and international partners to produce an affordable, effective and locally relevant AIDS vaccine in as short a time as possible.
The UCLA Program in Global Health partners with academic institutions in developing countries to advance prevention, policy, and clinical research for HIV/AIDS and other diseases in all regions of the world. It works with its developing country partners to integrate treatment and prevention of HIV, implement innovative prevention programmes, stimulate the implementation of beneficial policies and laws, address gender inequity, and train the next generation of American and developing-country scientists and advocates to continue this essential work. Click here for information on the NIMHProject Accept clinical trials in South Africa and elsewhere.. See also:New approach to HIV prevention forged.
HIVANs primary purpose is to promote, conduct, and build capacity for research that is responsive to and contributes to alleviating the circumstances of people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS.
The ComMark Trust, funded by the British Department for International Development (DFID), was established to make commodity and service markets work for the poor in Southern Africa. One of the markets targeted was the textile and apparel industry in the region. For a number of years, it has, in partnership with the Lesotho National Development Corporation, provided the apparel industry in Lesotho with technical assistance.
HEARD conducts research on the socio-economic aspects of public health, especially the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It is based at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. HEARD has a sub-project of Operationalising HIV/AIDS Issues for Development which examined the form and content of ART programmes amongst a sample of Southern African companies.
The Program on the Social and Economic Impacts of the AIDS Epidemic is a multidisciplinary, applied research program of the Center for International Health and Development (CIHD) at the Boston University School of Public Health. It brings together expertise in economics, infectious diseases, public health, demography, and epidemiology in an effort to understand how the AIDS epidemic is affecting households, businesses, government agencies, and other institutions in the developing world and to identify, and evaluate policies and programs to mitigate the impact of AIDS.
The researchers analysed the impact of AIDS on six corporations between 1999 and 2001, four of which were subsidiaries of transnational corporations in South Africa and Botswana.
University of the Witwatersrand
This research symposium was the first on HIV/AIDS in the workplace in South Africa. It focused on HIV/AIDS and the world of work, without the commercial agendas that so often cloud discussion and debate. Some 30 research papers were presented and 10 round table discussions conducted.
Wits Business School (Peer education)
Workplace HIV/AIDS peer education is a core element of corporate South Africas response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Dr David Dickson has published a paper: AIDS, order and best practice in the South African workplace: managers, peer educators, traditional healers and folk theories. The research was conducted in five large South African companies with a total workforce of over 120 000 permanent and non-permanent employees. This constitutes the most extensive research project into workplace HIV/AIDS peer educators of its kind in South Africa or globally.
Two reports are avalable. Managing HIV/AIDS risk: An enterprise risk management model assesses how AIDS is expected to affect the financial sector in general and the insurance companies in particular in South Africa. And The Long-run Economic Costs of AIDS: Theory and an Application to South Africa (June 2003) uses an overlapping generations (OLG) model, in which parents have preferences over current consumption and the (expected) human capital attained by their children. Two family structures are analyzed: nuclear and pooling, whereby under the latter all children are cared for within an extended family.
New Data on Male Circumcision and HIV Prevention: Policy and Programme Implications (March 2007)
Several studies show that circumcised men have lower levels of HIV infection than uncircumcised men. WHO and UNAIDS convened an international consultation to review the results of three randomised controlled trials and other evidence on male circumcision and HIV prevention, to discuss policy and programme implications, and to make recommendations regarding public health issues. This document summarizes the principal conclusions and recommendations.
UNAIDS: 2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic
According to new data in the UNAIDS 2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic, the AIDS epidemic appears to be slowing down globally, but new infections are continuing to increase in certain regions and countries. The report also shows that important progress has been made in country AIDS responses, including increases in funding and access to treatment, and decreases in HIV prevalence among young people in some countries over the past five years. However the report shows that HIV programmes are still failing to reach those who need them most and that efforts to increase knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people remain inadequate. Few men who have sex with men have access to preventative methods and programmes to prevent HIV in infants are also far from adequate.